---------- Recipe via Meal-Master (tm) v8.02
  
       Title: Tomato Juice
  Categories: Beverages, Canning
       Yield: 1 text
  
  
   Quantity: An average of 23 pounds is needed per canner load of 7 quarts,
   or an average of 14 pounds per canner load of 9 pints. A bushel weighs
   53 pounds and yields 15 to 18 quarts of juice--an average of 3-1/4
   pounds per quart.
   
   Procedure: Wash, remove stems, and trim off bruised or discolored
   portions. To prevent juice from separating, quickly cut about 1 pound of
   fruit into quarters and put directly into saucepan. Heat immediately to
   boiling while crushing. Continue to slowly add and crush freshly cut
   tomato quarters to the boiling mixture. Make sure the mixture boils
   constantly and vigorously while you add the remaining tomatoes. Simmer 5
   minutes after you add all pieces. If you are not concerned about juice
   separation, simply slice or quarter tomatoes into a large saucepan.
   Crush, heat, and simmer for 5 minutes before juicing.
   
   Press both types of heated juice through a sieve or food mill to remove
   skins and seeds. Add bottled lemon juice or citric acid to jars (See
   acidification instructions). Heat juice again to boiling. Add 1 teaspoon
   of salt per quart to the jars, if desired. Fill jars with hot tomato
   juice, leaving 1/2-inch headspace. Adjust lids and process following to
   the instructions in Table 1, Table 2, or Table 3 according to the method
   of canning used.
   
   Table 1. Recommended process time for Tomato Juice in a boiling-water
   canner.
   
   Style of Pack: Hot. Jar Size: Pints.
   Process Time at Altitudes of 0 - 1,000 ft: 35 min.
                          1,001 - 3,000 ft: 40 min.
                          3,001 - 6,000 ft: 45 min.
                            Above 6,000 ft: 50 min.
   
   Style of Pack: Hot. Jar Size: Quarts.
   Process Time at Altitudes of 0 - 1,000 ft: 40 min.
                          1,001 - 3,000 ft: 45 min.
                          3,001 - 6,000 ft: 50 min.
                            Above 6,000 ft: 55 min.
   
   Table 2. Recommended process time for Tomato Juice in a dial-gauge
   pressure canner.
   
   Style of Pack: Hot.  Jar Size: Pints.
   Process Time: 20 min.
   Canner Gauge Pressure (PSI) at Altitudes of 0 - 2,000 ft: 6 lb.
                                         2,001 - 4,000 ft: 7 lb.
                                         4,001 - 6,000 ft: 8 lb.
                                         6,001 - 8,000 ft: 9 lb.
   
   Style of Pack: Hot.  Jar Size: Quarts.
   Process Time: 15 min.
   Canner Gauge Pressure (PSI) at Altitudes of 0 - 2,000 ft: 11 lb.
                                         2,001 - 4,000 ft: 12 lb.
                                         4,001 - 6,000 ft: 13 lb.
                                         6,001 - 8,000 ft: 14 lb.
   
   Table 3. Recommended process time for Tomato Juice in a weighted-gauge
   pressure canner.
   
   Style of Pack: Hot.  Jar Size: Pints.
   Process Time: 20 min.
   Canner Gauge Pressure (PSI) at Altitudes 0 - 1,000 ft: 5 lb.
                                        Above 1,000 ft: 10 lb.
   
   Style of Pack: Hot.  Jar Size: Quarts.
   Process Time: 15 min.
   Canner Gauge Pressure (PSI) at Altitudes 0 - 1,000 ft: 10 lb.
                                        Above 1,000 ft: 15 lb.
   .
   NOTE: This section of the guide appears to contain some sort of error
   in the information given within Table 3 above.  In the USDA book, there
   are only TWO sizes of jars specified in the table, but there are THREE
   separate lines of figures in the table, and it is not completely clear
   which jar size the second and third entries refer to.  I have given the
   second entry’s numbers as those to be used for Quart jars, and below I
   have reprinted the third entry on the table, for an unknown jar size.
   
   Style of Pack: Hot.  Jar Size: ??.
   Process Time: 10 min.
   Canner Gauge Pressure (PSI) at Altitudes 0 - 1,000 ft: 15 lb.
                                        Above 1,000 ft: Not Recommended.
   
   ===========================================================
   * USDA Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 539 (rev. 1994)
   * Meal-Master format courtesy of Karen Mintzias
  
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