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       Title: CATSUP [KETCHUP] HISTORY
  Categories: Hints/info
       Yield: 1 Info file
  
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   KETCHUP: Also catchup, Catsup. A condiment consisting of a thick,
   smooth-textured, spicy sauce usually made from tomatoes.[Probably
   Malay kechap, fish sauce possibly from Chinese (Cantonese) ke-tsiap]
   
   Notes: The word ketchup exemplifies the types of modifications that
   can take place in the borrowing process, both in the borrowing of a
   word and in the borrowing of a substance. The source of our word
   ketchup may be the Malay word kechap, possibly taken into Malay from
   the Cantonese dialect of Chinese. Kechap, like our word, referred to
   a kind of sauce, but a sauce without tomatoes; rather, it contained
   fish brine, herbs, and spices. The sauce seems to have emigrated to
   Europe by way of sailors, where it was made with locally available
   ingredients such as the juice of mushrooms or walnuts. At some point,
   when the juice of tomatoes was first used, ketchup as we know it was
   born. However, it is important to realize that in the 18th and 19th
   centuries ketchup was a generic term for sauces whose only common
   ingredient was vinegar. The word is first recorded in English in 1690
   in the form catchup, in 1711 in the form ketchup, and in 1730 in the
   form catsup. These three spelling variants of a foreign borrowing
   remain current.
   
   Source: American Heritage Dictionary, Third Edition 1992 MM by Dorothy
   Flatman 1997 From: Dorothy Flatman Date: 06 Mar 97
  
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